How to write case study paper
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. While case studies cannot provide specific guidance for the management of successive patients, they are a record of clinical interactions which help us to frame questions for more rigorously designed clinical studies.
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Case studies also provide valuable teaching material, demonstrating both classical and unusual presentations which may confront the practitioner. Quite obviously, since the overwhelming majority of clinical interactions occur in gow field, not in teaching or research facilities, it falls to the field practitioner to record and pass on their experiences.
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- When you are interviewing people, ask them questions that will help you understand their opinions.
- Use the mind-map to separate the problem elements and to note the most important and their relationships.
However, field practitioners generally are not well-practised in writing for publication, and so may hesitate to embark on the task of carrying a case study to publication. These guidelines are intended to assist the relatively novice writer — practitioner or student — in efficiently navigating the relatively easy course to publication of a quality case study. Authors may decide that the particular circumstances of their case study justify digression from our recommendations. Additional and useful resources for chiropractic case studies include: Single subject research designs.
J Can Chirop Assoc ; 35 2: J Can Chirop Assoc ; 50 2: J Can Chiropr Assoc ; check this out 2: Portions of these guidelines were wirte from Budgell B. Writing a biomedical research paper. Springer Japan KK, General Instructions This set of guidelines provides both instructions and a template for the writing of case reports for publication. You might want to skip forward how to write case study paper take a quick look at the template now, as we will be using hkw as the basis for your own case study later on.
While the guidelines and template contain much detail, your finished case study should be only to 1, words in length.
Springer Japan KK, A possibly useful source for an overview of tools and approaches to risk management is at Carnegie Mellon University USA a sample from their risk management guidebook is available as a pdf file: Due date, length, essential sections, conventions, presentation 2. You don't want to replicate the research that has already been done. Formulate and include a thesis statement, summarizing the outcome of your analysis in 1—2 sentences. There may be anecdotal evidence that retention rates were better for girls who were on social media, but this observation would only point to the need for further research and would not be a definitive finding if this was not a part of your original research agenda. That helps match the customer's need with your solution.
Therefore, you will need to write efficiently and avoid unnecessarily flowery language. After this brief introduction, the guidelines below will follow the headings of our template. Hence, it is possible to work section by section through the template to quickly produce a first draft of your study. To begin with, however, you must have a clear sense of the value of the study which you wish to describe. Therefore, before beginning to write the study itself, you should gather all of the materials relevant to the case — clinical notes, lab reports, x-rays etc.
Another important general rule for writing case studies is to stick to the facts. A case study should be a fairly modest description of what actually happened. Speculation about underlying mechanisms of the disease process or treatment should be restrained. Field how to write case study paper and students are seldom well-prepared to discuss physiology or pathology. This is best left to experts in those fields.
The thing of greatest value that you can provide to your colleagues is an honest record of clinical events.
Try to avoid using textbooks as references, since it is assumed that most readers would already have this information. Summarize any literature that not only shows how your subject of analysis contributes to understanding the wrrite problem, but how your case contributes to a new way of understanding the problem that prior research has failed to do. The introduction should very clearly set the stage. Critical incident case studies must describe the method by which you identified the event and explain the process by which you determined the validity of this case to inform broader perspectives about the research problem or to reveal new findings. However, there are subtle differences you should be writw of. Can we make it happen? Case Study Release Form This document can vary, depending on factors like the size of your business, the nature of your work, and what you intend to do with the case studies once they are completed. Create a logical structure Use your contents page outline to decide where information will go.
Editorial or promotional remarks do not belong in a case study, no matter how great our enthusiasm. It is best to simply tell the story and let the outcome speak for itself. The title page will contain the full title of the article. Remember that many people may find our article by searching on the internet.
They may have to decide, just by looking at the title, whether or not they want to access the full article. A title which is vague or non-specific may not attract their attention. The two most common formats of titles are nominal and compound. Other contents for the title page should be as in the general JCCA instructions of an about a place authors. Remember that for a case study, we would not expect to have more than one or two authors.
In order to be listed as an author, a person must have an intellectual stake in the writing — at the very least they must be able to explain and even defend the how to write case study paper. Someone who has only provided technical assistance, as valuable as that may be, may be acknowledged at the end of the article, but would not be listed as an author.
If there is more than one author, one author must be identified as the corresponding author — the person whom people should contact if they have questions or comments about the study. Provide key words under which the article will be listed. These are the words which would be used when searching for the article using a search engine such as Medline. When practical, we should choose key words from a standard list of click, such as MeSH Medical subject headings.
A copy of MeSH is available in most libraries. Abstracts generally follow one of two styles, narrative or structured. A narrative abstract consists of a short version of the whole paper. There are no headings within the narrative abstract.
The author simply tries to summarize the paper into a story which flows logically. A structured abstract uses subheadings. Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, since they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included.
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This is very useful for readers who search for articles on the internet. Often the abstract is displayed by a search engine, and on the basis of the abstract the reader will decide whether or not to download the full article which may require payment of a fee. With a structured abstract, the reader is more likely to be given the information which they need to decide whether to go on to the full article, and so this style is encouraged. The JCCA recommends the use of structured abstracts for case studies. Since they are summaries, both narrative and structured abstracts are easier to write once we have finished the rest of the article.
We include a template for a structured abstract and encourage authors to make use of it. Our sub-headings will be: This consists of one or two sentences to describe the context of the case and summarize the entire article. Several sentences describe the history and results of any examinations performed. The working diagnosis and management of the case are described. Synthesize the foregoing subsections and explain both correlations and apparent inconsistencies. If appropriate to the case, within one or two sentences describe the lessons to be learned.
At the beginning of these guidelines we suggested that we need to have a clear idea of what is particularly interesting about the case we want to describe. The introduction is where we convey this to the reader. It is useful to begin by placing the study in a historical or social context. If similar cases have been reported previously, we describe them briefly. If there is something especially challenging about the diagnosis or management of the condition that we are describing, now is our chance to bring that out. Each time we refer to a previous study, we cite the reference usually at the end of the sentence.
This is the part and contrast two essay the paper in which we introduce the raw data. First, we describe the complaint that brought the patient to us. Next, we introduce the important information that we obtained from our history-taking. Also, we should try to present patient information in a narrative form — full sentences which efficiently summarize the results of our questioning.
We may or may not choose to include this list at the end of this section of the case presentation. The next step is to describe the results of our clinical examination. Again, we should write in an efficient narrative style, restricting ourselves to the relevant information.
It is not necessary to include every detail in our clinical notes. If we are using a named orthopedic or neurological test, it is best to both name and describe the test since some people may know the test by a different name. X-rays or other images are only helpful if they are clear enough to be easily reproduced and if they are accompanied by a legend. Be sure that any information that might identify a patient is removed before the image is submitted.
At this point, or at the beginning of the next section, we will want to present our working diagnosis or clinical impression of the patient. In sfudy section, we should clearly describe the plan for care, as well as the care which was actually provided, and the outcome. It is useful for the reader to know how long the patient was hiw care and how many times they were treated.
We include a template for a structured abstract and encourage authors to make use of it. Finally, the outline headings and subheadings can be converted into the contents page of your report. Success Story Uow As noted in the sample email, this document serves as an outline for how to write case study paper entire case study process. Describe the relationship each work has to the others under consideration that informs the reader why this case is applicable.
Additionally, we should be as specific as possible in describing the treatment that we used. If we used spinal manipulation, it is how to write case study paper to name the technique, if a common name exists, and also to describe the manipulation. Remember that our case study may be read by people who are not familiar with spinal manipulation, and, even within chiropractic circles, nomenclature for technique is not well standardized.
However, whenever possible we should try to use a well-validated method of measuring their improvement. For case studies, it may be possible to use data from visual analogue scales "How to write case study paper" for pain, or a writing on best friend mom of medication usage.
It is useful to include in this section an indication of how and why treatment finished. Did we decide to terminate care, and if so, why? Did the patient withdraw from care or did we refer them to another practitioner? In this section we may want to identify any questions that the case raises. It is not our duty to provide a complete physiological explanation for everything that we observed.
This is usually impossible. If there is a well established item of physiology or pathology which illuminates the case, we certainly include it, but remember that we are writing what is primarily a clinical chronicle, not a basic scientific paper. Finally, we summarize the lessons learned from this case. If someone provided assistance with the preparation of the case study, we thank them briefly. It is neither necessary nor conventional topics for research papers middle school thank the patient although we appreciate what they have taught us.
It would generally be regarded as excessive and inappropriate to thank others, such as teachers or colleagues who did not directly participate in preparation of the paper.