How to start writing a case study
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. While case studies cannot provide specific guidance for the management of successive patients, they are a record of clinical interactions which help us to frame questions fo more rigorously designed clinical studies. Case studies also provide valuable teaching material, demonstrating both classical and unusual presentations which may confront the practitioner. Quite obviously, since the overwhelming majority of clinical interactions occur in the field, not in teaching or research facilities, it falls to the field practitioner to record and pass on their experiences.
However, field practitioners generally are not well-practised in writing for publication, and wtart may hesitate to embark on the task of carrying a case study to publication. These guidelines are intended to assist the relatively novice writer — practitioner or student — in efficiently navigating the relatively sgudy course to publication of a quality case study.
Authors sfart decide that the particular circumstances of their case study justify digression from our recommendations. Additional and useful resources for chiropractic case studies include: Single stjdy research designs. J Can Chirop Assoc ; 35 2: J Can Chirop Assoc ; 50 2: J Can Chiropr Assoc ; 51 2: Portions of these guidelines were derived from Budgell B.
Writing a biomedical research paper.
- This is best left to experts in those fields.
- That will provide your team with the necessary foundation to organize the interview, and get the most out of it.
- It is also important to articulate why a particular place as the case for study is being used if similar places also exist [i.
Springer Japan KK, General Instructions This set of guidelines provides both instructions and stadt template for the writing of case reports for publication. You might want to skip forward and take a quick look at the template now, as we will be using it as the basis for your own case study later on.
While the guidelines and template contain much detail, your finished case study should be only to 1, words in writingg. Therefore, you will need to write efficiently and avoid unnecessarily flowery language. After this brief introduction, the guidelines below will follow the headings of writinv template. Hence, it is possible to work section by section through the stidy to quickly produce a first draft of your study. To begin with, however, you must have a clear sense of the value of the study which you wish to describe. Therefore, before beginning to write the study itself, you should gather all of the materials relevant to the case — clinical notes, lab reports, x-rays etc.
Another important general rule for writing case studies is to stick to the facts. A case study should be a fairly modest description of what actually happened. Speculation about underlying mechanisms of the disease process or treatment should be restrained. Field practitioners and students are seldom well-prepared to discuss physiology or pathology. This is best left to experts in those case. The thing of greatest value that you can provide to your colleagues is an honest record of clinical events.
Editorial or promotional atart do not belong in a case study, no matter how great our enthusiasm. It is best to simply tell link story srart let the outcome speak starg itself. The title page will contain the full title of the article. Remember that many people may find our article by searching on the internet. They may have to decide, just by looking at the title, whether or not they want to access the full article.
A title which is vague or non-specific may not attract their attention. The two most common formats of titles are nominal and compound. Other contents for the title page should be as in the general JCCA instructions to authors.
How long did it take to get up and running? A paragraph testimonial that proves how your product or service specifically impacted the person or company, and helped achieve goals. For example, after conducting a thorough literature review [very important! Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, since they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included. There may be anecdotal evidence that retention rates were better for girls who were on social media, but this observation would only point to the need for further research and would not be a definitive finding if this was not a part of your original research agenda.
Remember that for a case study, we would not expect to have more than one or two authors. In order to be listed as an author, a person must have an intellectual stake hoa the writing stuudy at the very least they must be able to explain and even defend the article. Someone who has only provided technical assistance, as valuable as that may be, may be acknowledged at the end of the article, but would article source be listed as an author.
If there is more than one author, one author must be identified as the corresponding author — the person whom people should contact if they have questions or comments about the study. Provide key words under which the article will be ccase. These are the words which would be used when searching for the article using a search engine such as Medline. When practical, we should choose key words from a standard list of keywords, such as MeSH Medical subject headings.
A copy of MeSH is available in most libraries. Abstracts generally follow one of two styles, how to start writing a case study or structured. A narrative abstract consists of a short version of the whole paper.
There are no starg within the narrative abstract. The author simply tries to summarize the paper into a story which flows logically. A structured abstract uses subheadings. Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, tsart they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included.
This is very sttart for readers who search for articles on the internet. Often the abstract is displayed by a search engine, and on the basis of the abstract the reader will decide whether or not to download the full article which may require payment of a fee. With a structured abstract, the reader is more likely to be given the information which they need to decide whether to go on to the full article, and so this style is encouraged. The JCCA recommends the use of wtiting abstracts for case studies. Since they are summaries, both narrative and structured abstracts are easier to write once we have how to start writing a case study the rest of the article.
We include a template for a structured abstract and encourage authors to wriring how to start writing a case study of it. Our sub-headings will be: This consists of one or two sentences to describe the context of the case and summarize the entire article. Several sentences describe the history and results of any examinations performed.
The working diagnosis and management of the case are described. Synthesize the foregoing subsections and explain both correlations and apparent inconsistencies. If appropriate xase the case, within one or two sentences describe the lessons to be learned.
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At the beginning of these guidelines we suggested that we need to have a clear idea of statt is particularly interesting about the case we want to describe. The introduction is where we convey this to the reader. It is how to start writing a case study to begin by placing the study in a historical or social context. If similar cases have been reported previously, we describe them briefly.
If there is something especially challenging about the diagnosis or management of the condition that we are describing, now is our chance to bring that out. Each time we refer to a previous study, we cite the reference usually at the end of the sentence. This is the part of the paper in which we introduce the raw data. First, we describe the complaint that brought the patient to us. Next, we introduce the important information that we obtained from our history-taking. Also, sgart should try to present patient information in a narrative form — full sentences which efficiently summarize the results of our questioning.
We may or may not choose to include this list at the end of this section of hlw case presentation.
Why was this topic important to investigate? Hos studies also provide valuable teaching material, demonstrating both classical and unusual presentations which may confront the practitioner. It is neither necessary nor conventional to thank the patient although we appreciate what they have taught us. The research questions could be how and by what means how to start writing a case study these vehicles used by ISIS being supplied to the militants and how might supply lines to these vehicles be cut? Explain how they are linked and what elements of the case will help to expand knowledge and understanding about the problem.
The next step is to describe the results of our clinical examination. Again, we should write in an efficient narrative style, restricting ourselves to the writkng information. It is not necessary to include every detail in our clinical notes.
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If we are using a named orthopedic or neurological test, it is best studdy both name and describe the test since some people may know the test by a different name. X-rays or other images are only helpful if they are clear enough to be easily reproduced and if they are accompanied by a legend. Be sure that any information that might identify a patient is removed before the image is submitted. At this point, or at the wwriting of the next section, we will want to present our working diagnosis or clinical impression of the patient.
In this section, we should clearly describe the plan for care, as well as the care which was actually provided, and the outcome. It is useful for the reader to know how long the patient was under care and how many times they were treated. Additionally, we should be as specific as possible in describing the treatment that we used.
If we used spinal manipulation, it is best to name the technique, if a common name exists, and also to describe click the following article manipulation. Remember that our case study may be read by people who are not familiar with spinal manipulation, and, even within chiropractic circles, nomenclature for technique is not well standardized. However, whenever possible we should try to use a well-validated method of measuring their improvement.
For case studies, it may be possible to use data from visual analogue scales VAS for pain, or a journal of medication usage. It is useful to include in this section an indication of how and why treatment finished. Did we decide to terminate care, and if so, why? Did the patient withdraw from care or did we refer them to another practitioner? In this how to start writing a case study we may want to identify any questions that the case raises. It is not our duty to provide a complete physiological explanation for everything that we observed.
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This is usually impossible. If there is a well established item of physiology or pathology which illuminates the case, we certainly include it, but remember source we are writing caze is primarily a clinical chronicle, not a basic scientific paper. Finally, we summarize the lessons learned from this case. If someone provided assistance with the preparation of the case study, we thank them click. It is neither necessary nor conventional to thank the patient although we appreciate what they have taught us.
It would generally be regarded as excessive and inappropriate to thank others, such as writkng or colleagues who did not directly participate in preparation of the paper.