How much paper does a tree make
By GuestSeptember 10, By Sam Martin Nearly 4 billion trees worldwide are cut down each year for paper, representing about 35 percent of all harvested trees. This world map shows the Earth's vegetation. There may be books, a few magazines, some printer paper, and perhaps a poster on the wall.
Yet, if you consider that each person in the United States uses pounds kg of paper every year adding up to a whopping billion pounds 85 billion kg per year for the entire population, by far the largest per capita consumption rate of paper for any country in the worldthen you realize treee paper comes in many more forms than meets the eye. World consumption of paper has grown percent in the last 40 years.
Now nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent. Besides what you can see around you, paper comes in many forms from tissue paper to cardboard packaging to stereo speakers to electrical plugs to home insulation to the sole inserts in your tennis shoes. In short, paper is everywhere. Where Does the Paper Come From? So where does it come from? Most people can guess that trees are the staple of any paper product. But did you know that until the middle of the 19th century, the main ingredient of paper was cloth rags?
And while trees have since become a vital component in the creation of paper, many manufacturers today are beginning to use recycled waste combined with tree pulp to decrease the number of trees that need to be cut down and keep up with the growing demand for paper. The First Paper… Over 6, years ago, the Egyptians gave birth to paper by using the papyrus plant as the source.
The "paper plant" is native to central Africa and the Nile River Valley and was in abundant supply in ancient Egypt. NY Botanical Gardens The first paper-like substance was invented by the Egyptians over 6, years ago. Papyruswhich is the root of our English word paper, was made by weaving reeds or other fibrous plants together and pounding them into a flat sheet. The Greeks and the Romans also used this technique, although some Ancient Greek paper makers were the first to create a kind of parchment paper made out of animal skins.
Chances are, Aristotle, Socrates and other Greek philosophers originally wrote their books on the skins of dead cows. This concoction was mashed into a pulp and pressed into mats that were left in the sun to dry. Rags were the basis for paper for the next years.
Many of the "trees" used to make paper are just chips and sawdust. But trees are a renewable resource, which means that once one is cut down another can be planted in its place. Home of the Day. Private forests - where trees are planted, harvested and replanted specifically for paper and lumber - are a major source for paper production. Hoa that reason, hemp must be imported for use in the U. One of the major reasons paper mills are hesitant to convert to using kenaf or hemp to make paper is because they are not set up to process anything except trees. A rule of thumb is that a cord of hardwood cubic feet weighing two tons will produce 1, to 2, pounds of paper. The Modern Industry The kenaf plant can quickly grow to between 12 - 18 feet in a few months.
Modern paper was invented in AD by the Chinese when they used tree parts to make it. Some of the fine paper was made from bamboo fiber, such as the example pictured here. Franklin Institute As the Read article culture flourished and expanded to the edges paper the Asian continent, paper went along with it, first to Korea and Japan and then to the Arab world which included Tgee and Morocco. After that, the Oaper and the French click the following article notable paper makers and dominated the paper industry in Europe from to AD.
After the invention of the moveable type link press in by the German inventor Johannes Gutenberg and the subsequent boom in literacy rates in the 16th century, paper for books grew in demand. Paper mills began opening all over the European continent and eventually reached the new world where make first American paper mill opened in Philadelphia in That increase in demand and the upsurge in papermaking began to tax the raw front page of a research paper used to make paper which was still largely made with rags and manufacturers began searching for alternatives.
The Modern Industry The kenaf plant can quickly grow to between 12 - 18 feet in a few months. These plants provide about three-five times more fiber per harvest than southern pine trees, which can take years before they can be harvested. This makes kenaf an attractive tree-substitute for making paper with a growing number of companies, like Vision Paper, which is devoted exclusively to making hos from kenaf Today, the world consumes about million tons of paper each year.
About 28 percent of all wood cut in the U. Having come a long way from using rags and mulberry bark, papermaking has become a muvh science. Once a tree is cut down, it goes to a mill where it is debarked and then chipped into tiny fragments by a series of whirling blades. In the final stages, additives such as starch, China clay, talc and calcium carbonate are added to the pulp to improve the strength and brightness of the paper.
Then the pulp is bleached to a white color using water and chlorine before being pressed into rolls and dried. The Environmental Impact Unfortunately, the papermaking process is not a clean one. According to the U.
Toxic Release Inventory report published by how much paper does a tree make U. Environmental Protection Agency EPApulp and paper mills are among the worst polluters to air, water and land of any industry in the country. The Worldwatch Institute offers similar statistics for the rest of the world. Each year millions of pounds of highly toxic chemicals such as toluenemethanolchlorine dioxidehydrochloric acid and formaldehyde are released into the air and water from papermaking plants around the world.
Private forests - where trees are planted, harvested and replanted specifically article source paper and lumber - are a major source for paper production. Pictured are trees being cleared for paper how much paper does a tree make. Minnesota Forestry Association Papermaking also uses up vast quantities of trees. But trees are a renewable resource, which means that once one is cut down another can be planted in its place. In fact, much of the wood used by paper companies in the U.
Around the world, tree farms supply 16 percent of all wood used in the paper industry, while the bulk comes from second growth forests. Less than 9 percent of the wood used to make paper is harvested from old growth forests, which are impossible to replace because of their maturity. Plus, according to a mame from the U.
Much does tree a make paper how expert-written article
Forest Servicethe rate of harvest for softwood trees in the southern United States outpaced growth for the first time since Alternatives to Cutting Down Trees More than half of all paper produced in the US is kept out of landfills by recycling it. Here waste paper has been sorted and prepared for recycling For these reasons, there is a growing chorus of entrepreneurs, environmentalists and inventors who are coming up with ways to make paper without having to use as many chemicals or so many trees. Recycling is by far the most common way to help save a tree.
According to the Worldwatch Institute, recycling efforts around how much paper does a tree make world recovered about million tons, or 43 percent, of all paper used. About 60 percent of all paper in the United States was kept out of landfills in and in77 percent of all papermakers in the U. And mills use only recycled waste as their primary source of raw material. Others point to agricultural waste as a stand in for wood. Combined with recycled paper and other fillers, some paper makers are finding that agri-pulp paper makes fine stationery.
Bee working on female flowers of Anka industrial hemp a monoecious variety. You learn more here see both male and female flowers. Hemp is now used to make rope and clothes as well as paper. Unfortunately, it is illegal to grow hemp in the U. For that reason, hemp must be imported for use in the U.
Much paper tree make how a does essay specially
Kenaf is also known as an excellent tree-substitute in making paper. This 4,year-old hibiscus plant — an annual, non-wood fiber plant related to okra and cotton — is native to central Africa and can grow up to 18 feet tall in a four -to-five month season.
First, we have to define what a "tree" is. Bee working on female flowers of Anka industrial hemp a monoecious variety. Then, explain that only about 6 percent of one tree is used to manufacture a 5,sheet carton of paper. There may be books, a few magazines, some printer paper, and perhaps a poster on the wall.
Like hemp, kenaf is naturally whiter than wood and can be bleached how much paper does a tree make hydrogen peroxide instead of chlorine. One of the major reasons paper mills are hesitant to makd to using kenaf or hemp to make paper is because they are not set up to process anything except trees. Converting a paper mill to process these wood pulp alternatives would cost tens of millions of dollars and major coordination with their suppliers and customers. Still — like the conversion of radio to read article as the major entertainment source in the s and s — such a conversion doex trees to non-wood doee materials in the papermaking process can ultimately provide extraordinary economics for the manufacturers and the consumers.
Wood pulp is found in rayon material, laundry detergent, tires, and transmission belts. The trees used to make paper in the United States come mostly from softwood forests-mostly pine-in the South and West. In Philadelphia resident Charles Stillwell invented a machine to make brown paper bags so folks would have something to carry their groceries home in.
Today more than 10 million how much paper does a tree make bags are used annually in supermarkets throughout the country. Inrecycled paper averaged pounds for every person in the U. Hemp was grown commercially in the United States until the s. The single oldest living thing on Earth is a tree, a 4, year-old bristlecone pine tree in Nevada. It was growing when the Egyptians built the pyramids.
There are million acres of forest land in the United States.